Its name is NGI, Next Generation Identification, the ultra-fast program that will allows to the FBI to identify in a very short time the americans offenders. How i twill do? It will do by connecting to a database containing photographs, iris scans, fingerprints, voice samples, DNA samples and much more. At the base, an efficient system for facial identifying. The recognition will start, in most cases, by a simple surveillance camera that captures images transferring them to the database.
FBI agents will be able to identify a wanted in the crowd through surveillance cameras or recognize him by the voice sound captured by a microrecorder or a phone with a spy software. But even with identifying marks such as scars, tattoos or skin blemishes. The reliability of the new system assumes a margin of error of 8% in the case in which NGI comparisons in approximately 1.2 seconds an image captured from any source, as surveillance cameras, with the database containing millions of criminals; while the reliability becomes 100% in the case in which the image to be compared comes from defined sources as in the case of mug shots.
The protection of privacy is the only obstacle to the project. Infact there is a high possibility that the image of an uncensured enters in the FBI system because it appears in the background of a criminal photo. It would also seem that the investigative agency intends to connect its database to the government sources.
This perspective has also aroused the interest of Anonymous who has already announced protests on 20 October. Of course, the group of protesters who are sensitive to issues of privacy, will catch the attention of many people.
The system, able to use new technologies for rapid feedback comparing the biometric data, about the press, is already in test phase in several U.S. states and it comes into operation in the summer of 2014. The cost seems to be around a billion dollars.